Support Healthy Brain Function with Nootropics, Improve Memory and Boost Focus - Alpha GPC,...
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Top products in Choline with authentic reviews:
Pass Overall Grade
FAIL Deleted Reviews
FAIL Phrase Repetition
WARN Suspicious Reviewers
WARN Reviewer Participation
PASS Rating Trend
PASS Unverified Purchases
PASS Word Count Comparison
PASS Overlapping Review History
PASS Reviewer Ease
PASS Brand Repeats
PASS Incentivized Reviews
Most Trusted Reviews
It helped me with focus a great deal. It seems ... [Go to full review]
May 28, 2020
- Verified Purchaser
- Critical Reviewer (avg. rating: 4.2)
Least Trusted Reviews
This product really works. I was having diffuclty remembering names ... [Go to full review]
Mar 11, 2018
- Unverified Purchaser
- Contains repetitive phrases (show)
- One-Hit Wonder
- Never-Verified Reviewer
- Overrepresented Participation (posted 1 Review)
- Easy Grader (avg. rating: 5.0)
Fail Deleted Reviews
We discovered a total of 59 deleted Reviews for this product, with an average rating of 4.4. Even though deleted reviews don't affect the average rating, the fact that action was taken to delete reviews raises some red flags about the integrity of the reviews for the product as whole.
There are a few limitations to keep in mind regarding the Deleted Reviews test:
- We don't have a magic ability to collect every single deleted review; we can only identify reviews as deleted if we collect them on one date and then notice they are no longer visible on a subsequent date.
- We have no information on reviews that were never published in the first place.
- We also don't know why these reviews were removed. It could be action from the platform, personal decision by the review author, part of an entire account closure, even some data error on our part, etc.
4.4 average rating of deleted reviews
Show distribution of deleted reviews
Fail Phrase Repetition
Reviews that contain one of these phrases are NOT necessarily devalued; read more about how this test works here.
Common Phrases in Reviews:
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Common Phrases in Titles:
54 of the 975 total reviews for this product use substantial repetitive phrases between them. These reviewers have rated this product an average of 4.6 while reviews without substantial repetitive phrases rated this product an average of 4.4. Based on our statistical modeling, the discrepancy in average rating between these two groups is significant enough to believe that the difference is not due to random chance, and may indicate that there are unnatural reviews.
Warn Suspicious Reviewers
122 of the 975 reviewers have only reviewed this product. While this is more One-Hit Wonders than we'd expect to see, it does not appear to have a significant impact on the overall rating.
294 of the 975 reviewers have had at least one of their past reviews for another product deleted. While this is more Take-Back Reviewers than we'd expect to see, the discrepancy in ratings between the Take-Back Reviewers and reviewers who don't have any deleted reviews in their history isn't significant enough to rule out the possibility of it being due to random chance.
Warn Reviewer Participation
- From reviewers with an overrepresented participation
We see the following 1 participation group with a statistically significant greater concentration than what we'd expect to see:
Pass Rating Trend
- Created on high-volume days
We counted 975 reviews for this product over the span of 939 days, an average of 1.0 reviews per day. If these reviews were created randomly, there would be a 99.9% chance that we would see 6 or fewer reviews on any given day. We didn't find any days exceeding this threshold.
Read more about our Rating Trend test.
Read more about our Rating Trend test.
Pass Unverified Purchases
80 of the 975 total reviews for this product are unverified purchases. This is within an acceptable range and it does not appear to be significantly affecting the overall rating for this product.
Unverified purchases may be the result of Kindle Unlimited readers, buyers who didn't pay full price, or reviewers who did not purchase the product at Amazon. Read more about our Unverified Purchases test.
Pass Word Count Comparison
- Have an overrepresented word count
In the graph above, we can see the distribution of review word counts for this product and the expected distribution for this category. We see the following 1 group with a statistically significant greater concentration than what we'd expect to see:
Pass Overlapping Review History
Reviewers of this product have ALSO reviewed the following products:
Does not include products
from the same brand
from the same brand
101 of the 975 reviewers have substantial overlapping product review history. This is within an acceptable range and it does not appear to be significantly affecting the overall rating for this product.
Pass Reviewer Ease
The ease score is the average rating for all reviews that a given reviewer submits. The average ease score for reviewers of this product is 4.4, while the average ease score for reviewers in this category is 4.3. While this discrepancy is rather large, it is not quite large enough to rule out the possibility of it being due random chance.
4.4 Product's Average Ease Score
4.3 Category's Average Ease Score
Read more about our Reviewer Ease test.
Pass Brand Repeats
47 of the 975 reviewers have reviewed other products for this brand. This is within an acceptable range and it does not appear to be significantly affecting the overall rating for this product.
Pass Incentivized Reviews
On Oct 3, 2016, Amazon prohibited incentivized reviews, however we still test for them since there are still millions in our dataset.
1 of the 975 total reviews for this product admitted to receiving a free or discounted product in exchange for a review. This is within an acceptable range and it does not appear to be significantly affecting the overall rating for this product.
Read more about our Incentivized Reviews test. Check out our study showing that Incentivized Reviewers are much more likely to leave a positive review.